Desert Plants

Plants found/observed or recommended by gardeners, will be continued.

Plant Names

Arabic Name

Botanical Name

Properties/Characteristics

Hints from

Acacia

   

Forests planted in Saudi-Arabia

G

Agave

   

Grows in sea water

G

Albizia

 

Albizia labach

In university garden

A

Almond

   

– Need lower temperature
– seed Dez-Jan
– stick planting

G

Apricot

     

G

Bashmalla

   

Sweet-sour orange fruits, like small pears

G

Bombosia

   

From Brasilia

G

Bonsiana/ Flamboyone tree

 

Delonix regia

In university garden

A

Casuarina

 

Casuarina equsetifolium

Pollen are good for bees

A

Casuarina

 

Casuarina cunninghamnia

Pollen are good for bees

A

Cedr/Sedr ?

   

– Fruits like small lemons
– honey has highest quality, very rich aromes

G

Clover (Alfalfa/ Lucene?)

   

– Desalinates soil
– Feeds animals

G

Date Palm

 

Phoenix

Needs no water (adult trees)
Young trees get 100-150 l per week

H, A

Defli Tree ?

 

Vachellia?

Grows in pure desert valleys and hills

B

Devitia (?)

defla

 

Small tree, Orange flowers

H

Eucalyptus

 

Eucalyptus

– fast growing big tree
– nice wood
– needs no water
– BUT: E. oil in the ground banishes other plants,
– tree burns fast

A

Fig

 

Ficus carica

– sensitiv to salt ground, more than Mango or Olive (here: Sodium=Na-salt)

H

Fine sweet corn

   

Plant in south of trees, gives shadow, feeds birds

G

Graviola / Annuna

   

Artichoke-like fruit

G

Guava

       

Henna

   

– doesn’t need much water
– stick planting

G

Jojoba

 

Simmondsia chinensis

 

H

Leadtree

 

Leucaena

– Animal food
– Compost
– a lot of seeds
– cut until surface, will grow again

A

Lemon

       

Lemon gras

   

– Strong gras, lemon taste,
– heals digesting problems,
– tea and cook plant

G

Mahagoni

   

Grows well in this area, valuable wood

E (A)

Mandarin

       

Mango

   

– 200-300 sorts,
– grafted (seedlings split up into different varieties)
– plant Mar-Jun + Sep-Okt(1.half) (not in winter)
– ripe Jun-Aug

G

Moringa

 

Moringa olifera

– All parts eatabale
– Wide-ranging healing possibilities, contains a lot of vitamins and minerals to eat every day, for ill children…
– Crushed seeds purify water, some seeds in an glas of water
– Tolerates salt water
– honey has highest quality, very rich aromes

H, A

Mulberry/ Bluesberry/ Armenian Tut

 

Morus

– stick planting 30-40 cm
– harvest 4x/Year, after harvesting remove all leaves to enhance new fruits

G

Neem

 

Azadirachta indica

– Oil of seeds against insects,
– pomace for nutrition
– Germinate immediately, not storable

H, A

Oleander

 

Oleander

Will not be eaten by goats

H

Olive

   

Plant cuttings in January, keep moist for 2-3 months

G

Orange

       

Papaya

   

– dioecious plant, not distinguishable
– grafted (seedlings split up into different varieties
– Drink the juice in the morning (of Ramadan days) – the body doesn’t feel thursty during the day
– Leaves help to drain stones

G

Peach

       

Persian Flieder, Zedrach tree

 

Melia azedarach

– nice wood, grows fast and good
– seeds are germinating/storable a long time

A

Persian Fruit

   

Fruits March-April

G

Pomegranate

       

Prosopis

 

Prosopis cineraria

Seldom, 7m

A

Prosopis

 

Prosopis julibrissin

– Invasiv in moist ground,
– not invasiv in dry ground,
– survives without water,
– eatable pots (seeds/fruits)
– wonderful wood, yellow-white-brown-dark colour,
– camels eat the leaves

A

Quince

   

In St. Catherine

A

Rose “Palladin”

 

Rosa “Palladin”

Grows in sand

G

Roses

 

Rosa damascena

Grows in sand, wonderful scent

G

Fetthenne
Sedum
Hexenfinger

   

Shadow plants

A

Shiko

   

Tropical fruit, size like potato, 3 seeds inside

G

Tamarin

   

Drink the juice in the morning (of Ramadan days) – the body doesn’t feel thursty during the day

G

Tamarisk

 

Tamarix erectus

– Nice flowers for bees,
– one big stem, very good timber wood
– needs no water

A

?

Rehan

 

Spice plant, similar Basilicum, leaves taste like Mango

G

Abbreviations:

H = Habiba Farmer

G = Gomaa

S = Sekem

A = Angela Hofmann

E = Dr. Essam El Atrash

B = Beside the road